Aspirin: What happens when you overdose?
Aspirin which is chemically known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is a most common drug used around the world to relieve minor body aches, fever, and inflammation and sometimes when taken in low doses for a long term it can prevent heart attacks, strokes and blood clot formation in people with higher risks of blood clots. However, just like most powerful drugs available in the market today Aspirin is also associated with a substantial number of side effects and dangers related to helth.
This normally happens when the person tends to take an overdose of this medicine. The kind of overdose of this drug is categorized as acute and chronic where acute defines an overdose of the drug taken in at the same time while chronic overdose in one in which the patient often ingests Aspirin and the dose builds up over time.
Dangers and Side Effects of Aspirin Overdose :
Some Side effects and dangers of an overdose of Aspirin are as follows:
* Upset stomach associated with pain
* Nausea and vomiting
* Sometimes ulcer is caused in the stomach which is referred to as gastritis. This may be a consequence of a lot of vomiting.
* Heartburn is a very common side effect to this drug overdose.
* Stomach irritation is caused which eventually leads to bleeding from the stomach consequently leading to black colored stools.
* Slight fever
* Confusion state of mind
* The overdosed patients may collapse all of a sudden.
* The heart beat rate is increased substantially and rapid heartbeats occur.
* Difficulty in breathing leading to uncontrollably fast paced inhalation and exhalation
* Ringing in the ears
* Temporary hearing loss
* Few instances of asthma, hay fever, nasal congestion or hives
* Easy bruising of the skin may occur. Thus people with diseases like diabetes that imposes problems for clotting of blood should avoid this drug also people suffering from other blood clot related or major bleeding problems should stay away from this drug.
* An overdose of this drug may adversely affect the normal functioning of the kidneys.
* It may cause fluid retention in the body. It might a give you a bloated feeling and may lead to slight weight gain
* There is a possibility of a development of Reye’s syndrome which is a rare fatal disease seen in children and teenagers. It usually affects those who are recovering from chicken pox or flu.
* Angioedema is developed in some patients, which is characterized by rapid swelling of the dermis, subcutaneous tissue, mucosa and submucosal tissues.
* An overdose of this drug may also cause appearance of dark patches in the MRI scans of the cerebrum which are nothing but cerebral microbleeds.
Contact your physician immediately when you experience either of the above side effects. You must avoid taking in alcohol when you are on Aspirin dosage because this might increase your chances of having internal bleeding in the stomach.
When using Aspirin for cardiovascular conditions it must be done so only under the advice of your doctor. Giving them to your child or your teenager is not advisable when they have fever, especially when they have chicken pox.
Pregnant women should stay away from this drug because it may have adverse effects on the heart of the unborn baby and may also reduce birth weight causing furthermore dangerous effects. Aspirin can also pass through breast milk so nursing mothers should avoid them.