What happens if the female is circumcised?
Female circumcision refers to procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia.
Female circumcision has been found to cause various short-term and long-term health problems. Aside from the pain and shock caused by the initial operation, various infections are possible.
Moreover, long-term complications include genital malformation, infection of the urinary tract, cysts, pelvic complications, incontinence, delayed menarche, abscesses, painful sexual intercourse, severe scarring, and infertility.
Lastly, psychological complications have also been linked to female circumcision, with the shock and trauma of the original operation causing behavioral disorders, anxiety, depression, and loss of trust in caregivers.
Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or injure female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women.
Procedures can cause severe bleeding and problems urinating, and later, potential childbirth complications and newborn deaths.
An estimated 100 to 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences of FGM.
It is mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and age 15 years.
In Africa an estimated 92 million girls from 10 years of age and above have undergone FGM.
FGM is internationally recognized as a violation of the human rights of girls and women.